Heathcare technology, supports health care management system, and sharing information across computerized system securely. Healthcare technology helps to improve health care quality very effectively and increase productivity & efficiency. It also helps to prevent medical errors, reduce healthcare cost, reduce paperwork and also decrease unproductive or idle work time.
Healthcare technology helps with real time communication across healthcare professionals.
Healthcare technology helping us with different medical areas and also having set of standards to follow, below image is a representation of healthcare branches along with suggested standards :
Healthcare Standards :
- ICD : International Classification of Diseases (ICD), as name suggested, its an international classification for health condition, and IT professionals, government agencies, insurance provider etc using ICD code to record diseases in health record. ICD codes provide more information about quality of healthcare service, safety & efficiency. ICD code helps with more accurate payment for new procedure, decrease in rejected claims, reduce fraud claims and also helps to improve disease management, Currently ICD 10th revision is in market, whereas WHO already released a preview of ICD 11th revision on June 18, 2018, this newer version is having additional 55,000 codes cause of death, diseases, and injuries. This 11th revision of ICD will be presented at WHA in May 2019, and if WHA endorse, it will go into effect on Jan 1, 2022. For more information click here.
- HIPAA : HIPAA denotes, Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act. Initially HIPAA was designed to improve the health insurance system, and reduce overheads of healthcare administration. but later on since it got expanded considerably, so HIPAA starts covering data security, uses and disclosure of health data and patient privacy. HIPAA is quite important for patient reason is 1) Privacy of health data 2) Security of health data 3) Notification of data breaches 4) Copies of medical records. So HIPAA not actually ensuring privacy & security of health data, but making sure to provide upfront information in case of any data breach or data compromised / stolen. By getting upfront information about any such cases, victims can take appropriate action on time to protect their identity and can reduce risk. For more information click here.
- HL7 : Health Level 7, basically focus on Layer 7, which is application layer in OSI model. HL7 is a framework (and related standards) to share / exchange clinical or healthcare administrative information across various health care providers. HL7 framework provide guidelines, flexible standards and mythologies, these guidelines / data standards are a set of rules which helps to process and share information in consistent & uniform way. For more information click here.